თავი III. საგნობრივი პროგრამები

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Названиеთავი III. საგნობრივი პროგრამები
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3.Ggramatika



Tema



sakiTxi

^ 3.1. arsebiTi saxeli

Nouns

- sakuTari, sazogado, abstraqtuli, nivTierebaTa,

- krebiTi – Proper, common, abstarct, material, collective;

- Tvladi, uTvladi – Countable, uncountable;

- brunva – Case, Double Genetive;

- ricxvi – Number;

3.2. artikli

Articles

- gansazRvruli - Definite Article;

- ganusazRvreli -Indefinite Article;

- nulovani - Zero Article;

^ 3.3. zedsarTavi saxeli

Adjectives

- Sedarebis xarisxebi - Comparison of Adjectives;

- zedsarTav saxelTa Tanmimdevroba – Order of adjectives;

3.4. ricxviTi saxeli

Numerals

-raodenobiTi, rigobiTi – Cardinal, ordinal;

(fractional, decimal);

3.5. nacvalsaxeli

Pronouns

- pirisPersonal (subject/ object forms);

- CvenebiTi – Demonstrative;

- kuTvnilebiTi - Possessive;

- kiTxviTi - Interrogative;

- ganusazRvrelobiTi - Indefinite;

- ukuqceviTi - Reflexive;

- emfaturi – Emphatic;

- mimarTebiTi – Relative;

3.6. zmna

Verbs

-wesieri, arawesieri – Regular, irregular;

-srulmniSvnelovani, damxmare - Main, auxiliary;

-maerTi – Linking verbs (be, become, seem, etc.);

-gardamavali, gardauvali – Transitive, intrasitive;

-upiro formebi – Nonfinite forms (Infinitive, present/past participle);

-modaluri zmnebi - Modal Verbs;

-modaluri zmnebis perfeqtuli formebi – PPerfect Modals;

-zmnuri konstruqciebi – Verb patterns: V+ing, V+infinitive, V+object+infinitive

-frazuli zmnebi – Phrasal Verbs;


drois formebi moqmedebiT gvarSi:

Tense forms - Active Voice:

- Present, Past, Future, Future in the Past Simple;

- Present, Past, Future, Future in the Past Continuous;

- Present, Past, Future, Future in the Past Perfect;

- Present, Past Perfect Continuous;


drois formebi vnebiT gvarSi:

Tense forms - Passive Voice:

- Present, Past, Future Simple;

- Present, Past Continuous;

- Present, Past, Future Perfect;

vnebiTi gvaris konstruqciebi – Passive constructions (It is said. . . .that, have something done-tipisa);


3.7. zmnizeda

Adverbs

-drois, adgilis, xarisxis, viTarebis, kiTxviTi, ganusazRvreli – of time, of place, of degree, of manner, interrogative, indefinite;

3.8. windebuli

Prepositions

-adgilis, drois, mimarTulebis da a.S. – of position, time, direction, etc.;

3.9. kavSiri

Conjunctions

-makavSirebeli, maqvemdebarebeli - Coordinating, subordinating: and, or, so, but, that, where, when, because, as soon as, if, etc.;

3.10. nawilaki

Particle

-no, not, too, only, almost, even, just, still, as well as, etc.;

3.11. winadadeba

Sentence types

- mtkicebiTi, kiTxvTi, uaryofiTi – Affirmative, interrogative, negative;

- TxrobiTi, kiTxviTi, brZanebiTi – Declarative, interrogative, imperative;

- martivi, rTuli Tanwyobili, rTuli qvewyobili - Simple, - compound, complex;

- pirobiTi I, II, III – Conditional I, II, III;

3.12.

winadadebis wevrebi

Parts of the sentence



-mTavari/meorexarisxovani – Main/Secondary;

^ 3.13. pirdapiri da iribi Tqma

Direct/indirect speech

-pirdapiri da iribi Tqma – Direct/indirect speech;

-droTa Tanmimdevroba – Sequence of tenses;

-Indirect questions (Can you tell me where he. . . ?);

sityva-warmoeba

Wordbuilding

-sufiqsebi – Suffixes (-y, -er, -able, ly);

-prefiqsebi – Prefixes (un-, ir-, im-,etc.) ;

konstruqciebi

Constructions

-there is/are, let me, to be going to, used to, make someone do something, have something done, etc.
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